When men without wings and fins perform like a kingfisher catching its oceanic prey, one can't help but be amazed. This streamlined act of diving into water hasn't escaped the grasp of sporting glory. In fact, it's called Aquatics Diving. The sport consists of three categories depending on the height of the plank from which the divers jump into the water (1m and 3m Springboard, and 10m Platform). Another section of the event is synchronized diving in which the two categories are 3m Springboard and the 10m Platform. In this unique event, teams of two compete, and both divers attempt to perform identical and synchronized dives. In major events like the Olympics and World Championships, the only synchronized level is the 10m Platform. Athletes are divided on the basis of gender and age group.
Scoring in competitive diving has barely changed since it was first introduced in 1883 when theÂ Amateur Swimming Association of Great Britain began a competition called plunging. Judges can give points ranging between 1-10 using increments of Â½. The take-off, flight and entry have a maximum of 3 points each along with one point for the judges' personal flexibility. The score of a dive is calculated by adding the scores of the judges which is called the raw score. The total score of the dive is then calculated by multiplying the level of difficulty of the dive with the raw score. Difficulty of a dive is determined by taking into consideration the number of somersaults, position of the dive, number of twists performed, the approach of the dive and the height. It ranges from 1.2 to a 3.8. In most international competitions where there are more than five judges, the 3/5 scoring system is used. In this the middle five scores are used (highest and lowest are omitted) and then multiplied by 0.6. This is equivalent to the three judge scoring system.